Uterine cancer, also known as womb cancer, refers to several forms of cancer that develop in the tissues of the uterus, including endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, uterine sarcomas, and gestational trophoblastic disease. It is the fourth most common variety of cancer in women in the United States, with more than 50,000 cases diagnosed each year.
Symptoms of uterine cancer include bleeding between periods or after menopause, pelvic pain, and a watery or blood-tinged discharge from the vagina. Risk factors include obesity, older age, and infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).
When caught early, most cases of uterine cancer can be cured with surgery or medication. Treatment of uterine cancer includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and medication. Drug classes commonly used to treat uterine cancer are cytostatic progestogens and other specific antirheumatics.