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Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the lungs, often caused by deep vein thrombosis. It is a life-threatening condition as clots decrease oxygen levels in the blood, which may lead to organ damage or failure. Clots may occur as a result of injury, inactivity, certain medical treatments such as surgery or chemotherapy, or existing medical conditions.

Symptoms of pulmonary embolism include irregular heartbeat, rapid breathing, fainting, chest pain, coughing, fever, clammy skin, lightheadedness, a weak pulse, and anxiety. Risk factors for pulmonary embolism include a history of cancer, family history of embolisms, a fractured leg or hip, a history of heart attacks or strokes, obesity, being over 60, a sedentary lifestyle, and taking certain hormones, such as estrogen or testosterone. 

The risk of pulmonary embolism may be mitigated by taking blood thinning medication, wearing compression stockings after surgery or on long flights, elevating the legs, and remaining physically active. Treatment options for pulmonary embolism include surgery and medication. Drug classes commonly prescribed to treat pulmonary embolism are factor Xa inhibitors, fractionated heparins (LMWHs), and vitamin K antagonists.


Drugs Used To Treat Pulmonary Embolism:

Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Fractionated Heparins (LMWHs)
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, acute myocardial infarction, thrombosis prophylaxis, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Direct Thrombin Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.

Drugs Related to Pulmonary Embolism:

Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Fractionated Heparins (LMWHs)
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, acute myocardial infarction, thrombosis prophylaxis, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Direct Thrombin Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Fractionated Heparins (LMWHs)
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, thrombosis prophylaxis, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, thrombosis prophylaxis.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), Stroke Risk Reduction.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism.
Direct Thrombin Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism.
Fractionated Heparins (LMWHs)
Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism.

Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism.
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism.
Fibrinolytics
Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism, acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery thrombosis, ischemic stroke.
Fibrinolytics
Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism, acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery thrombosis, ischemic stroke.
Coagulation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Fractionated Heparins (LMWHs)
Commonly used to treat Pulmonary Embolism, cerebral thromboembolism, thrombosis prophylaxis, deep venous thrombosis (DVT).

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