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Heart Attack

Heart Attack

Heart attacks, also known as myocardial infarction, can be fatal if medical care is not sought quickly. Each year, more than one million people have a heart attack in the United States. Heart attacks occur when cholesterol, fat and other substances form plaque and cause blockages in the arteries feeding the heart.

Risk factors for a heart attack include family history; high blood pressure; high cholesterol levels; certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus; an inactive lifestyle; obesity; stress; illegal drug use; smoking; and being over 45 years of age.

If a heart attack is suspected, call 911 or seek emergency medical care immediately. Angina (recurrent chest pain) is one of the earliest signs of an impending heart attack. Other signs are pressure, tightness, aching or pain in the chest or arms, which spreads to the jaw, back or neck; shortness of breath; fatigue; cold sweats; heartburn or abdominal pain; a feeling of nausea or indigestion; heart palpitations; and sudden dizziness or feeling lightheaded. 

Preventative measures may reduce the chance of heart attack, for example; lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet; maintaining a healthy weight; exercising; and stopping smoking. Medical checks and medication to lower cholesterol and blood pressure may also help avoid a heart attack. 

Treatment for heart attack includes surgery, hospitalization, lifestyle changes, and medication. Drug classes commonly used to treat heart attacks are angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/ACEIs, selective beta-blockers, ADP (adenosine diphosphate) receptor antagonist platelet aggregation inhibitors, vitamin K antagonists and angiotensin-II receptor blockers/ARBs.


Drugs Used to Treat Heart Attack:

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction.
Selective Beta-Blockers
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Angina, Heart Attack, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Stroke, Heart Attack, Peripheral Artery Disease, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, thrombosis prophylaxis, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, acute myocardial infarction, arterial thromboembolism prophylaxis.

Drugs Related to Heart Attack:

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction.
Selective Beta-Blockers
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Angina, Heart Attack, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Stroke, Heart Attack, Peripheral Artery Disease, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, thrombosis prophylaxis, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, acute myocardial infarction, arterial thromboembolism prophylaxis.
Angiotensin-II Receptor Blockers/ARBs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, acute myocardial infarction, arterial thromboembolism prophylaxis.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Selective Beta-Blockers
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Angina, Heart Attack, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI.
Fractionated Heparins (LMWHs)
Commonly used to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, thrombosis prophylaxis, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis.
Angiotensin-II Receptor Blockers/ARBs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, thrombosis prophylaxis.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, myocardial infarction prophylaxis.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction.
Cyclo-oxygenase Inhibitor Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Attack, ischemic stroke, Stroke Risk Reduction.
Angiotensin-II Receptor Blockers/ARBs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, Stroke Risk Reduction.
Angiotensin-II Receptor Blockers/ARBs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, Stroke Risk Reduction.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Diabetic Nephropathy, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, proteinuria.
Non-Selective Beta-Blockers
Commonly used to treat Atrial Fibrillation, Hypertension, Angina, Hemangioma, acute myocardial infarction, idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS).
Selective Beta-Blockers
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Angina, Heart Attack, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, Peripheral Artery Disease, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, thrombosis prophylaxis, acute myocardial infarction, STEMI, acute myocardial infarction, NSTEMI.
Vitamin K Antagonists
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, Pulmonary Embolism.
ADP (adenosine Diphosphate) Receptor Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/ACEIs
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor/ACEIs and Calcium Channel Blocker Combinations
Commonly used to treat Hypertension, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, acute myocardial infarction.
GP IIb/IIIa (glycoprotein) Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack, myocardial infarction prophylaxis, acute myocardial infarction, NSTEMI.
GP IIb/IIIa (glycoprotein) Antagonist Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Commonly used to treat Heart Attack.

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